What is Cement Stabilized Sand? How is it different from Screed?

Cement Stabilized Sand

The components of a cement stabilized sand are primarily cement, sand, and some water. Stabilized sand frequently acts as an underlayer for materials that are laid outside, such as clinkers, natural stone tiles, edging, and paving since it is extremely water-permeable. A stabilised bed is formed, cement mortar is placed over it and the tiles or clinkers are hammered in. However, on the other hand stabilized screed dries rapidly, thus the processing time is rather brief (about three hours). You can increase the processing time by a few hours by including a delaying agent.

Cement Stabilized Sand

Difference between Cement Stabilized Sand and Screed (its counterpart)

To understand it well, let’s understand the difference between Cement Stabilized Sand and Screed

Difference in the ration of cement, water, and sand

Don’t worry if you don’t understand the distinction between screed and cement stabilized sand. After all, both mixes share a lot of similarities. Sand, cement, and water are the same basic components of both. So what exactly distinguishes cement stabilised sand from regular screed? The proportions utilized initially differ.

The ratio for conventional screed, commonly known as sand cement screed, is 1 part cement to 4 to 5 parts sand. Remember that there are different sorts of screed, each with a unique composition and set of uses. On the other hand, 1 part cement and 8 parts sand are typically used to create cement stabilized sand. Traditional screed uses twice as much cement and more water than cement stabilized sand.

Water Permeability (cement stabilized sand vs screed)

The water permeability of cement stabilized sand and regular screed is another significant distinction. Sand that has been stabilized with cement makes water flow considerably more easily. For this reason, cement stabilized sand is frequently used as the base material for items that are set outside, such as natural stone terrace tiles, driveway pavers, walkways, and so on.

Ordinary screed, on the other hand, is far less porous to moisture and is typically utilized as a stable foundation for flooring materials like laminate, parquet, and tiles. It’s good to know that there are other materials besides screed that can be used for screeding. In some circumstances, drainage mortar, dry fillers, or insulating screed are preferable.

Drying Time

Compared to cement stabilized sand, screed is a moister composition. Because of this, stabilised sand dries more faster than regular screed, while other parameters including layer thickness, ambient temperature, and type of sand are also important. Standard advice calls for a typical sand cement screed to dry out for 28 days. Due to the screed’s thickness having to be taken into consideration, the drying period with an 8 cm screed might quickly rise to 56 days. You can choose quick-drying screeds to hasten the drying process. They cost a little bit more to buy than regular screed.

Approach to produce

Sand and cement are first combined for making screed, and then water is added. You can combine all the ingredients immediately while creating cement stabilized sand. It is preferable to have a screed silo with prepared screed delivered to your site if you need to screed a wide area.


Both regular screed and cement stabilized sand have different uses. When should you use cement stabilized sand and when screed? Compared to screed, stabilized sand is a drier mixture that is more frequently utilized as filler. It functions as a base for paving stones, a filler beneath foundations, an anchor for piling, or a filler around an inground pool. Screed is less permeable to water yet harder and harder to solidify.

Screed is thus perfect for indoor use, but it’s also useful for attaching tiles outside. It is used as a substrate for different types of floors indoors, on top of which you may put your floor covering directly. Screed can be used outside to drain a terrace or flat roof. You can apply insulation or waterproofing on the slope you make with this material toward the drain. Note that screed installation requires specific skills. A screed must have a specific thickness or height, be flat, and be positioned on a sturdy supporting floor.

Leave a Comment