12 Upcoming Mega Projects in Germany 2024

Germany, renowned for its remarkable engineering expertise and unwavering dedication to sustainable progress, is poised to embark on a plethora of ambitious and visionary undertakings in the year 2024. These upcoming mega projects in Germany are set to bring about a paradigm shift across a wide range of sectors, encompassing renewable energy, transportation, urban development, and industrial advancements. In the subsequent discourse, we shall delve into a selection of the most remarkable imminent ventures that will indelibly transform the German landscape, propelling the nation towards an era of unprecedented advancement and ingenuity.

List of Upcoming Mega Projects in Germany

Germany is set to upscale its economy with the push from the following developments:

Offshore Wind Farm 980 MW

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

Vattenfall has ambitious plans to construct Nordlicht I, a cutting-edge offshore wind farm, in the upcoming years. This remarkable project aims to achieve an impressive installed capacity of 980 megawatts, all without relying on government subsidies. Pending the company’s final investment decision, Nordlicht I is projected to become operational by the end of 2027. Once in continuous operation, the wind farm has the potential to generate an annual amount of electricity equivalent to the consumption of over one million average German households. By the end of 2027, it will provide fossil-free wind power to a million German households.

The designated construction area for Nordlicht I is situated approximately 85 kilometers north of the island of Borkum. Vattenfall secured its right of entry to this area as part of the bidding process, which took place in the autumn of 2022.

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Fehmarn Belt Tunnel

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

The Fehmarn Belt fixed link, also known as the Fehmarn Belt tunnel, is an ongoing construction project to build an immersed tunnel connecting the Danish island of Lolland with the German island of Fehmarn. Spanning the 18-kilometer-wide Fehmarn Belt in the Baltic Sea, this tunnel will create a direct link between northern Germany, Lolland, and the Danish island of Zealand, ultimately connecting to Copenhagen. Once completed, it will be the world’s longest road and rail tunnel.

The Fehmarn Belt tunnel will significantly improve connectivity between central Europe and Scandinavia, reducing travel time from 45 minutes by ferry to just 10 minutes by car and seven minutes by train. The high-speed rail line within the tunnel will enable speeds of up to 200 km/h.

Initially estimated to cost €5.5 billion, the project’s price tag grew to €7.4 billion by the time Denmark and Germany signed the treaty to commence construction. Denmark will finance the tunnel through toll collection, while Germany will contribute €800 million to connect it to its motorway network.

The tunnel will replace the popular ferry service between Rødby and Puttgarden known as the Vogelfluglinie in German and Fugleflugtslinjen in Danish. The completion of the Fehmarn Belt tunnel is expected in 2029.

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Lithium Hydroxide Production Facility

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

Rock Tech’s lithium plant in Guben, Brandenburg, is set to revolutionize the region’s role in electromobility and energy transition. With its comprehensive approach, the plant will enable Brandenburg to establish a self-sufficient value chain encompassing raw material processing, battery and cell production, EV manufacturing, and battery recycling. As the most advanced lithium converter project in Europe, Rock Tech’s refining plant will process lithium-bearing hard rock into battery-grade lithium hydroxide for the cathode and battery industry. This development will significantly accelerate the transition to electric vehicles and serve as a critical foundation for automakers in the area.

Being the first facility of its kind in Europe, the Guben converter will act as a blueprint for the European Union’s strategic goals of securing 12 times the demand for lithium by 2030 and processing 40% of it regionally. The expected annual production capacity of the Guben converter will be 24,000 tonnes of battery-grade lithium hydroxide starting from 2025. The total cost of the project is estimated at 650 million euros, with Rock Tech having already invested more than 250,000 working hours and over 45 million euros in the planning, design, and construction of the converter.

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Increasing offshore wind energy in Germany

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

The German Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) has released the area development plan 2023 to support Germany’s target of expanding offshore wind energy to 30 GW by 2030. This plan includes designated areas in the North and Baltic Seas for the deployment of wind turbines, tapping into the country’s significant offshore wind potential. By implementing the plan, BSH aims to contribute to an accelerated energy transition and ensure the necessary coordination with grid connections. The initiative aligns with the European Commission’s goal of increasing Europe’s offshore wind capacity to 60 GW by 2030 and 300 GW by 2050, as part of the broader objective of achieving climate neutrality.

To further support clean energy efforts, Germany has introduced amendments to the Renewable Energy Act 2023. These changes include an effective volume control mechanism to encourage innovation in tenders for rooftop and ground-mounted solar projects, onshore wind projects, and biomethane projects. The BSH plan plays a crucial role in facilitating the expansion of offshore wind energy, aiding Germany in reaching its renewable energy targets and contributing to the wider European objectives for a sustainable future.

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High Speed Railway Construction (Germany Dresden-Czech Republic Prague)

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

The new high-speed railway line connecting Prague in the Czech Republic to Dresden in Germany is set to bring significant improvements in travel times and transportation efficiency. According to the feasibility study, the first section from Prague to Litoměřice will be dedicated to passenger transport with a maximum speed of 320 km/h. The section passing through the Central Bohemian Uplands and extending into Germany will also accommodate freight trains, relieving traffic in the narrow Labe Valley. Passenger trains will reach speeds of up to 250 km/h in the tunnel under the Central Bohemian Uplands and 200 km/h in the Krušnohorský tunnel. Additionally, up to 150 freight trains will operate daily on the line.

The construction of terminals in Roudnice nad Labem and Ústí nad Labem is a vital aspect of the project. Architectural and urban design competitions will be held to develop these terminals and their surrounding areas. Other key components include the construction of the 18 km Central Bohemian Uplands tunnel and the at least 26 km Krušnohorský tunnel, with a significant portion located in the Czech Republic. Collaboration with DB Netz, the German railway company, is underway to ensure smooth progress. The project, part of the TEN-T network, will connect the Czech Republic to the high-speed rail network in Western Europe, facilitating efficient transportation and strengthening regional connectivity.

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Regensburg Quarter Project in Nuremberg

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

Regensburg Quarter is a new residential development located in the south-east of Nuremberg, being planned by the state-owned housing company SW Nürnberg. With a budget of around $160.7 million, the project aims to construct 381 affordable and stylish apartments of varying sizes, catering to different needs, from single units to large 5-room flats suitable for families. The development will also include a day-care center, a family center, multiple children’s playgrounds, and 10 smaller commercial units.

Preserving the existing old trees in the area and implementing necessary traffic infrastructure improvements are prioritized in the planning process. The project includes a multi-story parking garage to concentrate the required parking spaces, resulting in an environmentally friendly residential neighborhood. Additionally, efforts are made to support environmental and species conservation by establishing a lizard biotope. The outdoor facilities are designed to provide a high standard of living for residents, promoting social interaction.

The construction of the buildings follows energy-saving principles, aiming for a KfW efficiency house 55 standard. The use of sustainable building materials and optimization of building maintenance are also important considerations. As the contractor, the state-owned housing association Siedlungswerk Nürnberg is overseeing the project’s implementation. The Regensburg Quarter project is among the most expensive ventures undertaken by SW Nürnberg.

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Stuttgart 21 Project in Stuttgart

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

Stuttgart 21 is a comprehensive railway and urban development project situated in Stuttgart, Germany. It forms part of the Stuttgart–Augsburg railway, which is being newly constructed and upgraded, and is also a key segment of the Main Line for Europe, connecting Paris and Vienna as part of the Trans-European Networks.

The central feature of the project involves the redevelopment of Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof, the city’s primary train station, along with the creation of approximately 57 kilometers (35 miles) of new railway tracks, including extensive tunneling spanning 30 kilometers (19 miles) and high-speed lines covering 25 kilometers (16 miles). The newly established lines will intersect below the northern section of the historic Paul Bonatz Hauptbahnhof structure, linking the existing rail lines.

A high-speed line called the Stuttgart–Wendlingen line is part of the project and will connect the renovated Hauptbahnhof to a new Filder station (Filderbahnhof). This station will serve the Airport, the trade fair center (Messe), and the Filderstadt district through a new tunnel called the Filder Tunnel. The route will then connect to the planned high-speed line between Wendlingen and Ulm.

In order to make space for the redevelopment, the current carriage sidings will be relocated to the area around Untertürkheim station. The Stuttgart 21 project, which was officially announced in April 1994, faced various debates and discussions on topics such as cost-benefit analysis, environmental and geological considerations, and performance-related issues. Construction work commenced on February 2, 2010. Although the initial estimated completion date was 2019, as of 2019, the start of operation is now anticipated to occur in late 2025.

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Digital Park Fechenheim Project

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

Interxion, a leading European provider of carrier and cloud-neutral colocation data centre services, has unveiled plans for the Digital Park Fechenheim, an expansion project aimed at bolstering its presence in the eastern part of Frankfurt.

The Digital Park Fechenheim project entails the creation of a state-of-the-art, sustainable campus spanning a vast 100,000-square-meter IT area, featuring eleven cutting-edge data centres. As part of the initiative, the historic Egon-Eiermann building and its existing infrastructure will be renovated using resource-efficient techniques.

Committed to global environmental building standards, the project will establish an innovative large-scale development, reinforcing Frankfurt’s status as a hub for internet and cloud computing. It will further solidify the city’s position as a crucial backbone for digital infrastructure in the long run.

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Frankfurt Airport Terminal 3 Construction Project

 

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

The construction project involves the development of a new terminal, Terminal 3, at Frankfurt Airport. The terminal is being built on the site of a former US military base south of the existing airport in Frankfurt, Germany, which is known as a major international airport and a leading financial center.

The first phase of construction includes the construction of the main terminal structure, featuring arrival and departure floors, a marketplace, lounges, and an automated baggage conveyor system. Additionally, Piers H and J are being built, providing a combined passenger capacity of 14 million. Fraport, the airport operator, is also constructing a new Sky Line, similar to the existing one, to connect Terminal 3 with the current terminals. The journey between Terminal 1 and Terminal 3 will take just eight minutes, with a brief stop at Terminal 2.

Terminal 3 will have convenient access options, such as taxi, coach, or private vehicles, in addition to the new Sky Line. A parking garage adjacent to the terminal will offer approximately 8,500 parking spaces for drivers, along with several hundred bicycle parking spots. Canzler GmbH, an engineering firm, is involved in the project and responsible for designing building automation, air conditioning, heating, ventilation, and sanitary engineering. Fraport provides support throughout the tendering process as the airport operator.

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Märkisches Zentrum Modernisation Project

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

The Märkisches Zentrum modernisation project is currently underway in the Märkisches Viertel district of Berlin, specifically at the corner of Wilhelmsruher Damm and Senftenberger Ring. The project focuses on revitalizing a shopping centre that spans nearly 50,000 square meters and includes retail spaces, dining establishments, offices, health centers, and a 12-story residential tower that was originally constructed in the 1960s and rebuilt in 2001/2002.

The main objective of the Märkisches Zentrum modernisation project is to prevent vacancies and bring the mall up to contemporary standards. This involves a combination of partial demolition, new construction, and renovation of the existing buildings. The project will expand the current 55,000 square meter space by an additional 7,000 square meters. The heart of the centre, the market hall or ‘Markthalle,’ will be enhanced with over 100 units for shopping, recreation, and entertainment, as well as a variety of cafés and restaurants.

Notably, the modernization efforts will be carried out while the centre remains open for business, necessitating staggered construction phases and the implementation of interim solutions. The project aims to incorporate an open architecture concept that integrates neighboring open areas, enhancing the overall neighborhood. The revitalized centre will offer a wide range of shopping options as well as leisure and entertainment amenities..

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Karlsruhe Combined Solution Tunnel Project

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

The Karlsruhe Combined Solution Tunnel project involves the construction of a light rail tunnel that stretches from west to east under Kaiserstrasse in Karlsruhe, Germany. It includes a southward branch towards Ettlinger Strasse at the Marktplatz station, effectively moving a portion of the city’s public rail traffic underground. As a result, Kaiserstrasse, the main shopping street, and Marktplatz will be transformed into pedestrian zones free from tram tracks. The tunnel itself is 3.9 kilometers long and features seven underground stations.

The construction of the tunnel will employ the Milan construction method, utilizing an elevated back-anchored HPI base. Four stations will be located under Kaiserstrasse (Europaplatz, Lammstrasse, Kronenplatz, Durlacher Tor), while three stations will be positioned along the southern branch (Marktplatz, Ettlinger Tor, Kongresszentrum). The double-track route follows the axis of Kaiserstrasse to avoid passing underneath buildings. From Marktplatz, the tunnel runs south under Karl-Friedrich-Strasse and Ettlinger Strasse.

The central element of the southern branch is the combined structure within the Ettlinger Tor station, serving as the underground junction with the Kriegsstrasse tunnel. The two axes are connected by a track triangle beneath Marktplatz, linking the Marktplatz and Lammstrasse stations. Three ramps connect the underground tracks to the existing above-ground network.

Apart from the construction work, the project’s overall management includes coordinating various modes of transportation, such as track reconstruction, private vehicles, pedestrian traffic, and rail traffic. It also encompasses aspects of tunnel construction, sewer, and pipeline work.

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Kieler Förde Shipbuilding Facility Development Project

The Kieler Förde shipbuilding facility development

Upcoming mega projects in Germany
Upcoming mega projects in Germany

project is being carried out by a joint venture between Züblin Stuttgart (Structural Engineering) and Züblin North. The project involves the construction of a new industrial plant and office building for ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, which will become a prominent feature of the skyline. The new structure spans approximately 170 meters in length and up to 70 meters in width. It comprises seven production halls dedicated to manufacturing submarine components. These halls are separated by 32-meter-tall concrete and firewalls. Additionally, a seven-storey administrative building with offices, social spaces, and a canteen is integrated into the facility.

The construction of this project will require approximately 17,000 cubic meters of concrete, 3,900 tons of reinforcing steel, and an additional 2,500 tons of steel for supporting structures within the halls. Once completed, the Kieler Förde shipbuilding facility will provide state-of-the-art facilities for ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems and contribute to the advancement of shipbuilding capabilities.

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