V Funnel Test Procedure For Self Compacting Concrete | Equipments for V funnel test |

V Funnel Test Procedure For Self Compacting Concrete | Equipments for V funnel test

It has been done in the past to create concrete structures that are vibration-free. The use of tremie without vibration, for example, is used to put concrete beneath water.

Without vibration, shaft and mass concrete can be laid successfully.

However, the physical samples given above are typically of lower strength and are difficult to obtain in a constant quality.

Modern SCC (self-compacting concrete) applications are focused on high performance, better and more reliable reliability, and consistent quality.

v funnel test

Workability Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete: A List of The Test Methods (SCC).

1. Slump flow test by Abrams cone.

2. T50 cm Slump flow test

3. J-ring test

4. V-funnel test

5. V-funnel at T5 minutes

6. L-box test

7. U-box test

8. Fill-box test

9. GTM Screen Stability Test

10. Ouimet test

What is V Funnel Test ?

• This test was created in Japan. The apparatus consists of the V-shaped funnel depicted above.

• The V-Funnel test is used to measure the concrete’s filling ability (flowability) with a maximum aggregate size of 20 mm.

• There are around 12 liters of concrete in the funnel. Calculate how long it took for it to flow down.

• After that, fill the funnel with concrete and set it aside for 5 minutes to settle.

• If the concrete segregates, the flow time will dramatically rise.

V Funnel Test Equipment

The V-funnel, as indicated in the diagram, is built of steel and has a flat, horizontal top that is supported vertically, along with a releasable watertight opening gate.

V Funnel

v funnel apparatus



This trovel tool is used to place the cement mortar.



This scoop tool is used in QC department for the material test



Procedure of V Funnel Test

• For the V-Funnel Test, approximately 12 liters of concrete are required.

• Place the V-funnel on a level surface.

• Moisten the funnel’s interior.

• Leave the trap door open to let any excess water out.

• Place a bucket beneath the trap door and close it.

• Pour concrete into the device thoroughly.

• Tamping or compaction is done.

• Take a swing at the concrete level.

• Open the trap door in 10 seconds and time how long it takes the concrete to flow down.

• Keep track of the time it takes to empty the trash.

• This can be determined by looking at the light from the top.

Procedure for V-funnel flow time at T5 mm

• The entire test must be completed in under 5 minute

• Do not clean or damp the interior surface of the funnel for V-funnel flow duration at T5 mm.

• After monitoring the flow time, quickly close the trap door and refill the V-funnel.

• Place the bucket on the floor.

• Without tamping or tapping, thoroughly fill the apparatus with concrete.

• Using a trowel, level the concrete at the top.

• Allow the concrete to flow by opening the trap door 5 minutes after the second fill of the funnel.

• Determine how long it takes for the entire discharge to be completed.

• It’s referred to as the flow time at T5 min.

• The flow time for the V-funnel test should be between 8 and 12 seconds.

• T5 min. + 3 seconds is allowed for V-funnel flow time.

V Funnel Test Calculation

V-funnel flow time (tv) = _________ sec

V Funnel Test Result

The V-funnel flow time tv is the time it takes for the first light to enter the opening once the gate is opened, stated to the nearest 0.1 second.

(tv) = _________ sec

V Funnel Test Conclusion

This test determines how easily concrete flows; shorter flow periods imply better flowability.

• For SCC, a flow time of ten seconds is recommended.

• Because the inverted cone shape inhibits flow, lengthy flow periods may indicate the mix’s susceptibility to blocking.

• After 5 minutes of settling, the concrete segregation will display a less continuous flow as the flow time increases.

Leave a Comment